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طلب مساعدة من اساتذة الانجليزيةعااااجل جدا
ارجو المساعدة من طلاب و اساتذة اللغة الانجليزية
لدي نصين و المطلوب هو كتابة تعليق على كل منهما
و اخر اجل هو غدا
ارجووووووووووووووووووووو منكم ولو محاولة
فهذا عااااااااااجل و مهم جدا
هذا النص الاول
A new breed of middle-class activist has embarked on a campaign
to abolish Britain's last grammar schools. Prépare for... CLASS WAR1.
Judith O'Reilly and Paul Hooper
David Walker admits he is fortunate. The product of a grammar school éducation, he has
a good job as a university researcher, a four-bedroom home in the commuter town of
Sittingbourne in Kent and a daughter at one of Britain's top grammar schools. Rather than risk
her "under-achieving" at a local comprehensive, he and his wife, Joy, decided that Ruth should
sit the 11-plus to secure a place at Highsted School, which has been described by government
inspectors as "outstanding".
Yet despite her success (she passed with almost full marks), he is campaigning for
Highsted and other grammar schools like it to lose their right to select their pupils and to become
comprehensives. As a member of the Stop the Eleven-Plus (STEP) in Kent, he would deny the
opportunity his daughter has had to others. Walker, a researcher in agricultural development in
the Third World at Greenwich University's campus in Chatham, Kent, sees no contradiction in
his stance. "What we have to do is get the best out of the présent system and, at the moment, that
means sending my daughter to a grammar school," he says. " I could have just sent her to a
comprehensive, but grammar schools cream off the best teachers and most of the money goes to
them. The current System is elitist and divisive. What we want is for ail children to be given a
level playing field".
Walker, 51, whose 10-year-old son, Kit, is also due to sit the 11-plus this year, is not
untypical of activists who last week kick-started their campaigns to abolish Britain's remaining
164 grammar schools. Just as the création of the fïrst comprehensives was pioneered by libéral
educationists, the attack on the last grammars is being led by a largely middle-class lobby, many
of whom benefited from a grammar school éducation. They include teachers, former teachers and
governors of existing state grammar schools, which were established under the 1944 Education
Act to cater for bright children, many of them from working-class backgrounds. Their central
*******ion is that a sélective éducation system leaves the majority of children - those who fail
the 11 -plus - labelled as failures at too early an âge, unable to break out of a second-class stream
even if they make progress.
The irony, according to defenders of grammar schools, is that their destruction in many
areas could simply give rise to a new form of sélection - by house price. As now, those who could
afford to live within the catchment areas of academically successful schools, which they would
remain at least for a while, would get places.
و هذا النص التاني
It is right that the monarchy should modernise itself now, on the eve of a new millennium.
The British people have changed, so have their values and identities, and it is fitting that the
monarchy should evolve as well. The passing of the millennium gives us a unique opportunity
to reflect on what to take with us and what to leave behind. It is essential that we have a
wide-ranging debate in this country on the future of the monarchy, and that people feel part of
its évolution, i f the monarchy is to retain their support.
However, it is equally important that monarchy engages with this process itself and cornes
forward with practical suggestions for modernisation. Nothing would be more damaging to them
than the appearance that they were being dragged kicking and screaming
into the next century.
The shift in style adopted by the royal family may have provided a breathing space from
the controversies and crises of récent years. It does not represent any sort of solution. Opinion
poil data consistently indicate that, while a clear majority of the British people supports the
monarchy today, a plurality believes it will be gone in 50 years and a firm majority cannot
imagine its existence in 100 years' time.
The monarchy has the opportunity to rethink its rôle and prevent a slide into obscurity.
This will not happen if the status quo is entrenched or simply supplemented by short-term public
relations activities. More profound change is required for the Crown to endure. In truth, the
British monarchy has proved exceptionally flexible in the past. It can be so again.
There are real merits in a symbolic head of state, well beyond the political (or religious)
fray, who can actively promote those aspects of national life which bind us together and which
make us a distinctive and successful nation. If the monarchy can make such a transition over the
next décade, then it will be as valued in the next century as it so often has been in the past.
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